Narration – handout


  • Telling a single story or several related stories
  • Lends to force an opinion, triggers the flow of memory, and evolves places, times and people in ways that are compelling and affecting
  • Conversational in style
  • Tells of a personal experience

Elements of Narration

  • Setting – Where and when the story takes place
  • Characters – Who are the main characters of the story
  • Problem(s) – What problem(s) did the main characters have to solve
  • Plot – The most important things that happened in the story
  • Outcome – How the story problem was resolved

Narrator Types

Point of View perspective

  • First person – “I, me, my” – The main character is the narrator and tells the story from her/her POV. Thoughts of other characters can only be revealed through what this person knows.
  • Second person – “you, your” – The narrator refers to the reader as “you” as if he/she were a character in the story.
  • Third Person, subjective – “he, she, her, his” – The thoughts, feelings, or opinions are conveyed by one or more characters.
  • Omniscient Narrator – The narrator has access to multiple characters’ thoughts and feelings, all-knowing and a—seeing.
  • Unreliable Narrator – A first-person narrator whose credibility is suspect, maybe is willfully deceitful, uses false information or assumptions.